The gudastviri is a Georgian wind instrument played similarly to a western bagpipe. Unlike western pipes, however, the gudastviri is droneless.
The instrument is made up of two main parts: the “guda,” which is a rectangular leather bag, usually created from sheep or goat skin, and a yoked, double chanter (the "stviri").
A small wooden pipe, the “khreko,” is used for blowing air into the bag. A tap (known as a butterfly) is fixed on one side of the bag. On the other side of the bag a wooden stock is attached into the bag. The chanter is inserted into the stock.
The chanter has two wooden pipes (dedani) of equal length, bore and wall thickness. The left chanter pipe, called the “leader” has the most finger holes. This pipe is also called “teller” or “beginner.” The right chanter pipe, the bass pipe, is called “mebane,” or “deep voice producer.” This bass pipe has three front-facing holes. The “beginner” pipe has six holes. The three bottom holes of the left pipe are placed symmetrically across from the three holes of the right pipe.
The ends of the pipes are fixed inside the resonator/horn. The horn is made of Caucasian goat or bull horn. The gudastviri is decorated with silver bands, mounted with colored glass beads, and numerous small chains. There is a ball of cotton wool inserted into the open end of the horn to absorb the moisture formed during playing. The bag (guda) can have a bag cover of cloth or leather, or have the natural goat hair left on the outside of the bag.
Exhibit – Wind instrument
Name – Rachian Gudastviri
Author – Shermadin Chagelishvili
Date of creation – 2005
Material – wood, metal, horn, textile, gem
Size –base diameter: 27cm, whole length: 70cm
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