Like the chonguri, the panduri is a Georgian folk string instrument that is is widespread in the mountains and valleys of East Georgia. Panduris of mountains and valleys differ in outward appearance, size and sound. Panduris from valley regions tend to be smaller, with thin body walls and a thin upper deck. Valley panduris also have subsidiary elements which allow for more variation in tone and timber. As with most wooden instruments, the sonority of the panduri depends on the material from which it is made.
The panduri consists of three main parts: the body, called the “chani,” which consists of the deck and abdomen; the head and neck; and the subsidiary elements, which are the “moqlonas,” upper threshold, sub-units, “jora”, “kora”, and button.
All modern panduris are three-stringed, although its ancestors had two strings, which were made from the guts of sheep.
The panduri is played in a sitting position. The performer places the panduri almost horizontally on his or her knees, and gently raises the instrument’s neck. Sound is is produced by touching or strumming the strings.
Unlike some traditional Georgian instruments, the panduri is played by both men and women. In old times it was unimaginable for families in all regions of Georgia to be without a panduri. The instrument has long been considered a very valuable gift and is kept in a highly visible place in a home. Panduri music accompanies all kinds of gatherings, including festivals, weddings, or other important occasions. Panduri music is usually performed solo, and often accompanies dancing.
Author – Kapiton Tsanava
Date of creation – 1956, with autograph of dedication to Akaki Khorava, famous Georgian artist
Material – wood
Size – L – 97cm, abdomen diameter – 36cmX60cm, handle diameter – 15cmX9cm
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